Benefits of Cocopeat for Agriculture
Cocopeat is one of the most preferred planting media by gardeners, besides being economical, cocopeat is an environmentally friendly planting medium because it is made from the epidermis of coconut shell which is renewable (organic).
Besides being used for the fruit, coir from coconuts is also widely used by farmers for planting media in gardening at home.
As the name implies, cocopeat comes from coconut, the layer or part of coconut that can be made into cocopeat is called mesocarp, this part of the mesocarp is completely powdered and mostly on the coir and sticks to the shell.
Advantages of cocopeat
Cocopeat is a growing medium that has many advantages for hydroponic growing media.
The advantage of cocopeat over other conventional media is that it is able to hold water and hold it almost 10 times, a tough yet lightweight fiber that is also resistant to the elements.
The composition of cocopeat consists of 75% carbohydrates and 25% lignin. Carbohydrates are a group of complex polysaccharide cellulose.
With high reserves of cellulose and lignin, cocopeat can be a good food source and breeding ground for beneficial microorganisms.
Some of the beneficial microorganisms in the roots that can reproduce well in cocopeat media are rhizobacteria (PGPR) and several types of mycorrhizae.
Cocopeat has a high content of potassium (K) and phosphorus (P), besides that it also contains elements of nitrogen (N), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo) and zinc (Zn).
These nutrients are nutrients that are needed by plants to support their needs.
Cocopeat is also reusable, meaning that it can be reused for future crops, but with a note that after harvesting, you must add an enzyme solution and wash the cocopeat to remove residual salt and sterilize it.